TIMELINE of Doctrinal Changes (Overview)

We’ll be adding a lot to this as time goes on. For now this is primarily a source for referencing when changes to certain doctrines were first published. To get started, we merely go to the reference work published by the Watch Tower. It is called “Watch Tower Bible Publications Index.” There is a section called “Beliefs Clarified.” It will not necessarily provide all the details, but it will reference articles and publications which presented a “changed” understanding. There are a lot of additional details we will be adding, because the list is not complete. The official list below is still very informative. The first portion in red, is from the Index from 1930 – 1985 as it appears on the 2014 WT Library CD-ROM. The second list in blue, is from the Index from 1985-2014. There is an overlap, but this is kept below for reference, because comments on these changes will sometimes reference the older (first) version listed below.

BELIEFS CLARIFIED

  • Jehovah’s Witnesses: yb75 147-149; w72 498-505

List by Year

  • 1872, Lord’s return: jp 15; w34 11
  • 1881, Elijah class: ns 299
  • 1883, Elisha class: ns 299
  • 1919, Elijah and Elisha dramas: w37 126
  • 1920, preaching “this good news of the kingdom”: fm 316; bf 463; ns 322; jp 100; rm 310
  • 1921, image of wild beast: w71 723; w70 689; fm 316
  • 1921, Satan’s visible organization: w65 396; w41 91; w34 84; jh 72
  • 1922, Jehovah and his messenger of the covenant inspect spiritual temple (Mal 3:1-3): ka 234; w66 756, 759; jp 101; w58 222; w46 43; w44 234; tf 302; w41 140; w40 233; w36 87; w35 310; v-1 27; w30 374
  • 1923, parable of pounds and talents: w39 302
  • 1923, parable of sheep and goats: w84 2/1 24; w81 5/1 25-26; w81 7/15 21; w80 2/15 19; w79 10/1 26; w69 755; w66 117; w65 489; ns 332; jp 104-105, 140; w58 222; w44 10; w43 342; w42 374
  • 1923, parable of wise and foolish virgins: w39 302
  • 1924, Satan’s binding: w30 232
  • 1925, Armageddon: w66 730; bf 563; w61 721; w57 669
  • 1925, birth of Kingdom: w84 1/1 10-11; w81 5/1 26-27; jp 107-109; nh 226; w52 475; w51 435; rm 311; w49 216, 310; w44 10; w40 317; w35 119; w30 233, 343; lt-1-30 242
  • 1925, name of Jehovah: w81 5/1 27; w71 651; fm 107; w67 54; bf 465; jp 107; w44 10; w42 148, 185
  • 1925, Satan hurled down to earth: w71 469; jp 108-109; w40 317; lt-2-30 309
  • 1926, Eighth World Power: w71 718; w70 689
  • 1927, faithful and discreet slave: fm 112
  • 1927, rainbow covenant: w33 311; pp 203
  • 1927, resurrection of anointed: pa 192
  • 1928, issue between Jehovah and Satan: jp 118-119; w34 88; jh 85-86
  • 1928, pagan origin of Christmas: yb75 147
  • 1929, Armageddon survivors: w36 136
  • 1929, Ezekiel’s chariot vision: w72 154-155; kj 53
  • 1929, integrity: w35 149
  • 1929, Jehovah’s vindication: w44 10; w36 375; w34 308-309
  • 1930, man of lawlessness: pp 268
  • 1931, man with writer’s inkhorn: w85 3/1 14; uw 103; w80 2/15 20; w72 47; kj 171-172; fm 113; w66 118, 375; li 361-363; ns 332; w58 222; sr55 211-212; w43 342; w40 237; w37 83
  • 1931, Mordecai and Esther drama: w37 83-84; pr32 54; w31 168
  • 1932, cleansing of temple: w37 84; ch 308; w35 236
  • 1932, Jonadab class: w85 3/1 14; w84 2/1 24; w80 2/15 20; w65 489; jp 140; w43 342; s 68; w32 231-232
  • 1932, regathering of Jews to Palestine: w84 9/15 10-11; w66 119; w63 178; w49 252; v-2 258, 267
  • 1934, dedication seen necessary for “other sheep”: w67 729; w66 119-120; li 147; w65 472, 490; bf 677; w34 249-250
  • 1935, flag salute: yb75 168-169
  • 1935, “great crowd” (Re 7:9): w85 3/1 14; w84 2/1 24; w84 2/15 18-19; w84 9/15 17-18; w83 7/1 22; w83 9/1 12; w83 10/1 16; uw 103-104; w81 5/1 26; w81 7/15 21; w80 2/15 20-21; w80 7/15 27; w79 10/1 27-28; w78 3/1 27; hs 132; yb75 156; w72 50, 721, 753; pm 78-79; kj 178, 307; w69 755; fm 199; w66 121, 376; li 149-150, 363-364; w65 490; w61 382-383, 660; ns 331, 363; jp 140; w58 222; w55 394; sr55 180; w43 344; w42 374; w40 4, 237; s 107, 166; w37 84, 87; w36 260; w35 227-236, 243-252
  • 1936, Jesus did not die on cross: yb75 148-149; ch 27; g36 11/4 72
  • 1937, pre-Christian witnesses: w67 54-55; w37 86
  • 1938, congregation organization made thoroughly theocratic: w85 3/1 18; yb73 116; w71 693, 719, 724-725; kj 330; li 181-182; w65 351-352, 428-429; w61 147-148; w38 163-171, 179-187
  • 1938, procreation mandate: jp 145; w58 223; w43 345; w38 307-314, 323-333
  • 1939, neutrality: w71 720; w64 368; w39 323-333
  • 1941, issue of universal domination: jp 193; w55 649; wl 219-220; w41 245-246
  • 1943, meaning of name Jehovah: tf 33-34
  • 1943, parable of prodigal son: w65 489; w43 323-332, 339-348
  • 1944, Governing Body: w71 755; w44 315, 328
  • 1945, sanctity of blood: yb75 222-223; li 35, 340; w64 368; w45 198-200
  • 1950, New World society: jp 253; sr55 273; w50 413-418
  • 1950, princes in new system of things: yb75 213-214; w66 121; jp 252; w58 223; w52 503; w50 365
  • 1951, use of term “religion”: yb75 225; w51 191; rm 8-10
  • 1952, dedication rather than consecration of oneself: w64 122-123; w52 306-309
  • 1952, need of disfellowshipping: yb75 225-226; w52 131-145
  • 1953, “desirable things of all the nations” (Hag 2:7): jp 267; w58 223; sr55 264-265; w53 625-638
  • 1953, Gog of Magog: bf 571; ns 369-370; jp 265; w58 223; sr55 316; w53 580-583, 596-607
  • 1961, Elijah and Elisha dramas: ns 292-372
  • 1962, “superior authorities” (Ro 13:1): yb75 238; w67 333; w66 608; w62 681-695
  • 1963, Babylon the Great: w63 698; bf 498-505
  • 1970, great tribulation: w70 41-56
  • 1970, “wars and reports of wars” (Mt. 24:6; Lu 21:9): w70 43-44
  • 1971, appointed elder arrangement: yb75 247-249; w71 688-694
  • 1972, fornication (porneia) as grounds for divorce (Mt 5:32; 19:9): w72 766-768
  • 1972, Jehovah’s great spiritual temple: w72 606-607, 709-723; pm 84-91
  • 1973, tobacco: w73 336-343
  • 1974, fornication (porneia) as grounds for divorce: w74 703-704
  • 1977, funeral for disfellowshipped: w77 347-348
  • 1978, fornication (porneia) as grounds for divorce: w78 2/15 31-32
  • 1978, unnatural sex within marriage: w78 2/15 30-32
  • 1979, “crown of life” (Jas 1:12): w79 7/1 30
  • 1979, “keys of the kingdom” (Mt 16:19): w79 10/1 16-29
  • 1979, “shepherds” in Hebrew Scriptures (Jer 25:34-36): w79 9/15 27-28
  • 1980, antitypical Festival of Booths: w80 2/15 15-16, 18-24; w80 4/15 30
  • 1980, sacred service: w80 8/15 21-26, 30-31; w80 12/15 29
  • 1981, disfellowshipped family members and relatives: w81 9/15 27-31
  • 1981, ministers: w81 3/15 14-29
  • 1981, ordination: w81 3/15 15-16
  • 1983, fornication (porneia) as grounds for divorce: w83 3/15 31
  • 1983, guns, violence: w83 7/15 25
  • 1983, John 11:25, 26, embraces great crowd: w83 10/1 31
  • 1984, figurative heart: w84 9/1 4-7; w84 12/15 30
  • 1984, sheepfolds of illustration of “fine shepherd” (Joh 10:1-16): w84 2/15 10-20, 31
  • 1984, weeds in illustration of wheat and weeds (Mt 13:38): w84 3/1 31; w78 12/15 20
  • 1985, “other sheep” declared righteous as friends of God: w85 12/1 13-18; w85 12/15 30

BELIEFS CLARIFIED

  • Armageddon: jv 139-141
  • Bible precedent: w97 8/15 16; jv 629
  • congregation organization: kr 118-120, 122-124; w06 2/15 26-28; jv 205-214, 216-221
  • dates: w13 1/1 8; jv 136, 631-633, 635-637, 709
  • 1914: kr 50; w98 5/15 11-14; g95 6/22 8-9; jv 134-139, 634; w90 10/15 19-20
  • 1925: jv 632-633; yb87 131-132
  • 1975: jv 104
  • “great crowd”: kr 52, 54
  • Messianic Kingdom: kr 49-52, 54, 56-57
  • personal attitude toward: w14 5/15 29-30; kr 104; w11 5/15 27; w11 7/15 30; w11 9/15 14; w08 12/15 10; w03 3/15 25; w00 3/15 14; w98 5/15 16-17
  • when personally affected: w98 8/15 17
  • process: w10 7/15 23; jv 629-630
  • purpose: jv 148
  • Witness view: kr 37-38, 50; w97 8/15 15-16; g95 6/22 8-9; jv 132-133, 146-148, 629-637, 708-709; rs 205; w86 3/15 19
  • comments by older Witnesses: w06 2/15 30; w97 10/1 22; g95 6/22 9

List by Year

  • 1870-1875, soul, ransom, manner of Christ’s return: kr 28
  • 1872, ransom: jv 718
  • 1876, 1914 end of Gentile Times: kr 15, 28
  • 1877, Christ’s return and presence: kr 28
  • 1879, Babylon the Great: kr 16-17, 28
  • 1880, hell: w89 3/15 19-20
  • 1881, Jehovah: jv 123
  • 1881, soul: jv 127; w87 9/15 29
  • 1881, why evil is permitted: jv 123
  • 1882, Trinity: kr 28; jv 123, 125; w89 3/15 18-19; w87 9/15 29
  • 1884, “other sheep” (Joh 10:16): w95 2/1 11
  • 1884, “sheep” and “goats” (Mt 25): w95 2/1 12
  • 1886, “superior authorities” (Ro 13): w96 5/1 13
  • 1894, origin of teaching of immortality of the soul: w89 3/15 20
  • 1895, elder arrangement: kr 118-119, 123, 129
  • 1907, covenants: jv 630
  • 1917, Revelation: w95 5/15 21; jv 148
  • 1919, importance of divine name: kr 42
  • 1919, work of true Christians: kr 42, 45
  • 1920, ‘good news of kingdom’ is of established Kingdom: w06 2/1 25
  • 1920, time of fulfillment of Matthew 24:14: jv 292
  • 1922, Jehovah and his messenger of the covenant inspect spiritual temple (Mal 3:1-3): w87 6/15 14
  • 1922, Jehovah’s and Satan’s organizations: kr 54
  • 1923, “sheep” and “goats” (Mt 25): re 120; ip-2 254; w95 2/1 12; w95 5/15 18; jv 163-164; w86 5/15 14
  • 1925, Armageddon: jv 140
  • 1925, birth of Kingdom: kr 50; w06 2/15 28-29; re 177; w95 5/15 21; jv 78-79, 138-139; w86 5/15 14
  • 1925, Jehovah’s and Satan’s organizations: w06 2/15 28-29; jv 78-79; w87 6/15 19
  • 1926, Armageddon: w95 5/15 18; jv 140-141
  • 1926, character development: jv 172-173
  • 1927, Christmas: kr 102-103
  • 1927, “faithful and discreet slave” (Mt 24:45-47): w95 2/1 12-13; jv 143, 626
  • 1928, Christmas: kr 102-103; w95 5/15 19; jv 199
  • 1928, cross: kr 104
  • 1928, Easter: kr 105
  • 1928, ‘good news of kingdom’ not preached by Bible distribution: w06 2/1 24-25
  • 1928, Great Pyramid of Giza (Gizeh): w00 1/1 9-10; jv 201
  • 1928, Kingdom more important than personal salvation: kr 50
  • 1929, issue of sanctification of Jehovah’s name: kr 45
  • 1929, “superior authorities” (Ro 13): kr 56; w96 5/1 13-14; w95 5/15 22
  • 1929, Valentine’s Day: kr 105
  • 1930, Revelation: w95 5/15 21; jv 148
  • 1931, those marked on forehead (Eze 9:4): re 120; ip-2 254-255; jv 165
  • 1932, appointment of elders: kr 123; w95 5/15 22; jv 213-214, 638
  • 1932, Jehonadab (Jonadab) class: kr 52; re 120; ip-2 255; w95 2/1 13; jv 83, 165-166
  • 1932, “other sheep” to preach: w10 2/15 16; w95 2/1 13; w95 7/1 15; jv 292; w90 12/15 13
  • 1932, restoration prophecies: kr 108; w95 5/15 19-20; jv 141-142; w86 5/15 14
  • 1934, covenants: jv 630
  • 1934, dedication and baptism for “other sheep”: w09 8/15 16; re 120; w95 7/1 15; jv 83; w90 12/15 13
  • 1935, chronology: jv 632-633
  • 1935, flag salute: w06 2/15 29
  • 1935, “great crowd” (Re 7): kr 52-54, 63, 177; w06 2/15 29; re 120, 122; w01 5/15 14-15; ip-2 255; w95 2/1 13-15; w95 5/15 20; jv 83-84, 166-167, 169-170, 261, 443-444; sh 358; w88 3/1 12; w86 5/15 14
  • 1935, sexual morality: kr 110
  • 1935, use of tobacco: kr 112
  • 1936, birthday celebrations: kr 105
  • 1936, cross: kr 105; w06 2/15 29; w95 5/15 20
  • 1937, “other sheep” appointed to responsible positions: jv 216
  • 1938, congregation organization and appointments: kr 123; w06 2/15 28; w02 7/1 17; ip-2 317; w99 2/1 18; w95 5/15 22; jv 217-221, 639
  • 1938, no separate meetings for children and youths: jv 246
  • 1938, relative places of anointed and “great crowd”: w99 2/1 18
  • 1939, neutrality: kr 56, 148-150; w95 5/15 23; jv 193; w89 3/15 21; w86 5/15 14
  • 1941, issue of rightfulness of Jehovah’s sovereignty: jv 262; w89 3/15 21; w87 6/15 19
  • 1942, beast ascending from abyss (Re 17:8): re 246-248; jv 93, 262; w88 3/1 15
  • 1943, chronology: jv 133, 632-633
  • 1944, chronology: jv 133, 632-633
  • 1944, congregational handling of wrongdoing: jv 187
  • 1944, disfellowshipping to be handled by responsible brothers: kr 114
  • 1944, governing body: jv 228-229
  • 1944, sanctity of blood: kr 112
  • 1944, theocratic principles in relation to Society’s charter: jv 227-229
  • 1945, sanctity of blood: kr 112; w06 2/15 29; w95 5/15 23; jv 183; w89 3/15 14
  • 1946, New Year’s Day: kr 105
  • 1947, polygamy: w95 2/1 16; jv 176
  • 1950, princes (Ps 45:16): w95 7/1 15; jv 76, 263
  • 1950, term “religion”: jv 567
  • 1952, disfellowshipping: kr 114; w06 5/15 24-25; jv 187
  • 1953, desirable things of the nations (Hag 2:7): jv 263
  • 1953, Gog of Magog (Eze 38, 39): jv 263
  • 1953, nucleus of new earth: w95 7/1 15
  • 1961, sanctity of blood: jv 183-184
  • 1962, “superior authorities” (Ro 13): kr 57; w06 2/15 29-30; g00 10/22 21-23; w96 5/1 14; w95 5/15 21-22; jv 147, 198, 264; w90 11/1 11; w87 6/15 19; g87 6/8 25; w86 5/15 14
  • 1963, Babylon the Great: kr 54, 56; jv 147-148
  • 1963, Revelation: w95 5/15 21; jv 148
  • 1965, earthly resurrection: w86 5/15 14
  • 1966, denarius paid to vineyard workers (Mt 20): w07 5/1 30
  • 1969, great tribulation: w99 5/1 16; w94 2/15 17-18
  • 1969, Revelation: w95 5/15 21; jv 148
  • 1971, elder arrangement: w95 5/15 22; jv 106, 233
  • 1971, Governing Body: jv 106-107, 233-234; w90 3/15 18
  • 1972, appointment of elders and ministerial servants: w06 5/15 24
  • 1972, Jehovah’s great spiritual temple: w10 7/15 22; w00 3/15 13-14
  • 1973, use of tobacco: kr 112; w06 2/15 30; yb97 136-137; w95 2/1 16-17; w95 5/15 23; jv 181
  • 1976, employment involving gambling: w95 5/15 23; jv 180
  • 1979, “keys of the kingdom” (Mt 16:19): w95 5/15 24
  • 1983, use of firearms: w06 2/15 30
  • 1984, sheepfolds of “fine shepherd” (Joh 10): w95 5/15 24
  • 1985, “other sheep” declared righteous as friends of God: w06 2/15 30; w95 7/1 15
  • 1986, “great crowd” figuratively partake of Jesus’ flesh and blood (Joh 6:51-56): w87 6/15 19; w86 2/15 15-20, 30-31
  • 1986, “ten virgins” (Mt 25): ws 38-44, 46-55
  • 1987, Christian Jubilee: w06 2/15 30; w95 5/15 24; w87 1/1 19-28, 30; w87 4/15 30
  • 1987, Declaration Pledging Faithfulness: w87 2/15 31
  • 1988, 144,000 sing new song before 24 elders (Re 14:3): re 200-201
  • 1988, approved associates: w88 11/15 10-15, 17
  • 1988, figurative heart: it-1 1057-1058
  • 1988, no resurrection for dead in Sodom and Gomorrah: w88 6/1 30-31
  • 1988, parents may study with disfellowshipped minor child: w88 11/15 20
  • 1988, Revelation: w95 5/15 21; jv 148
  • 1988, unbaptized publishers: w89 2/15 29; w88 11/15 16-20
  • 1991, meaning of Proverbs 27:23: w91 8/1 31
  • 1992, Nethinim and sons of the servants of Solomon after exile: w92 4/15 12-17, 31
  • 1993, kings of north and south during time of the end (Da 11, 12): w93 11/1 13-23
  • 1993, start and end of 1,260 days (Re 11:3) and time, times, and a half (Da 7:25; 12:7): w94 8/1 31; w93 11/1 9-10
  • 1994, tribulation and celestial phenomena (Mt 24:29-31; Mr 13:24-27; Lu 21:25-28): w94 2/15 16-21
  • 1995, “sheep” and “goats” (Mt 25): w13 7/15 6; w06 2/15 30; w97 7/1 30-31; w95 10/15 18-28
  • 1995, “this generation” (Mt 24:34; Mr 13:30; Lu 21:32): w97 6/1 28; w95 11/1 10-21, 30-31
  • 1996, acceptability of customary (tribal) marriage: g96 12/8 23
  • 1996, civilian service in lieu of military service: yb97 16; w96 5/1 19-20
  • 1996, “flesh” saved through “great tribulation” (Mt 24:22): w96 8/15 15-20
  • 1996, great tribulation “cut short” (Mt 24:22): w96 8/15 17-18
  • 1997, transfiguration vision (Mt 17; Mr 9; Lu 9): w97 5/15 9-14
  • 1998, duration of new covenant (Heb 13:20): w98 2/1 22-23
  • 1998, Ezekiel’s vision of restored temple and land (Eze 40-48): w06 2/15 30; w00 3/15 13-14; w99 1/15 9; w99 3/1 8-23
  • 1998, nations blessed through Abraham’s seed (Ge 22:18): w98 2/1 14-15
  • 1999, ‘disgusting thing standing in a holy place’ (Mt 24:15; Mr 13:14): w06 2/15 30; w99 5/1 15-20
  • 2000, blood fractions: w00 6/15 29-31
  • 2000, use of one’s own blood: w00 10/15 30-31; w00 12/15 30
  • 2001, “divorce certificate” for Judah (Isa 50:1): ip-2 152-153
  • 2001, ‘doves to birdhouse holes’ (Isa 60:8, 9): w02 7/1 12-13; ip-2 308-309
  • 2001, worshipping Jehovah “with spirit” (Joh 4:24): w06 2/15 30; w02 7/15 15; w01 9/15 28
  • 2002, courtyard in which “great crowd” serve (Re 7:15): w02 5/1 30-31
  • 2003, meaning of baptism of Jewish believers at Pentecost 33 C.E.: w03 5/15 30-31
  • 2003, why some early Christians observed features of the Law: w03 3/15 23-25
  • 2007, start of heavenly resurrection: w07 1/1 27-30
  • 2007, when calling to heavenly hope ceases: w07 5/1 30-31; w07 8/15 19
  • 2008, illustration of dragnet (Mt 13): w08 7/15 20-21
  • 2008, illustration of leaven hidden in flour (Mt 13; Lu 13): w08 7/15 19-21
  • 2008, illustration of man casting seed (Mr 4:26-29): w08 7/15 14-16
  • 2008, illustration of mustard grain (Mt 13; Mr 4; Lu 13): w08 7/15 17-19, 21
  • 2008, Mary’s pain during Jesus’ birth: w08 10/1 23
  • 2008, “this generation” (Mt 24:34; Mr 13:30; Lu 21:32): w10 4/15 10-11; w08 2/15 23-24; w08 4/15 29
  • 2009, “all creation that is under heaven” (Col 1:23): bt 217
  • 2009, head covering for female interpreters for the deaf at meetings: w09 11/15 12-13
  • 2009, resurrection hope for baby dying in womb: w09 4/15 12-13
  • 2010, illustration of wheat and weeds (sowing of seed) (Mt 13:24, 38): w10 3/15 20
  • 2010, illustration of wheat and weeds (wheat brought into storehouse) (Mt 13:30): w10 3/15 22
  • 2011, entering Jehovah’s rest (Heb 4): w11 7/15 24-28
  • 2011, feet of Nebuchadnezzar’s dream image (Da 2): kr 177; w12 6/15 15-16, 19
  • 2011, Jesus “a corresponding ransom” (1Ti 2:6): w11 6/15 13; w11 8/15 32
  • 2011, olive tree (Ro 11): w11 5/15 23-25
  • 2011, Peter in Rome: w11 8/1 25
  • 2012, “all these kingdoms” (Da 2:44): w12 6/15 17
  • 2012, Mordecai and Esther “divide spoil” in fulfillment of Genesis 49:27: ia 142; w12 1/1 29
  • 2012, ruin caused by “king fierce in countenance” (Da 8:23, 24): w12 6/15 16
  • 2012, toes of Nebuchadnezzar’s dream image (Da 2): w12 6/15 16
  • 2012, when seventh world power emerged: w12 6/15 15, 19
  • 2013, anointed not to survive Armageddon on earth: w13 7/15 5
  • 2013, ‘Assyrian invades our land’ (Mic 5:5): w13 11/15 20
  • 2013, chosen ones gathered (Mt 24:31; Mr 13:27): w13 7/15 5
  • 2013, “evil slave” (Mt 24:48-51): w13 7/15 24
  • 2013, “faithful and discreet slave” (Mt 24:45-47): w13 7/15 8, 20-25
  • 2013, great tribulation: w13 7/15 3-8
  • 2013, illustration of wheat and weeds (Mt 13): w13 7/15 13-14
  • 2013, Jesus comes, arrives (Mt 24, 25): w13 7/15 7-8, 24
  • 2013, Jesus inspects spiritual temple 1914-1919 (Mal 3:1-4): w13 7/15 11-12
  • 2013, meaning of name Jehovah: nwt 1735
  • 2014, appointment of elders and ministerial servants: w14 11/15 28-29
  • 2014, basis first-century Jews had for being “in expectation” of Messiah (Lu 3:15): w14 2/15 26-27; w14 6/15 22
  • 2014, duration of cleansing of spiritual temple (Mal 3:1-4): w14 11/15 30
  • 2014, marriage in resurrection (Lu 20:34-36): w14 8/15 29-30
  • 2014, “solid foundation of God” (2Ti 2:19): w14 7/15 8-9, 13
  • 2014, two witnesses (Re 11): w14 11/15 30

———— abbreviations of various publications references above —————-

*** dx86-14 p. 4 Abbreviations of Publication Titles ***
ABBREVIATIONS OF PUBLICATION TITLES
Symbol         Copyright            Title
ba             1997 – A Book for All People
be             2001 – Benefit From Theocratic Ministry School
Education
bh             2005 – What Does the Bible Really Teach?
bi12  1984, 2006 printing – New World Translation of the Holy
Scriptures
bm             2009 – The Bible—What Is Its Message?
bp       1985, 1993 – The Government That Will Bring Paradise
br78     1979, 1989 – Jehovah’s Witnesses in the Twentieth
Century
bt             2009 – “Bearing Thorough Witness” About God’s
Kingdom
ca                  – Calendar of Jehovah’s Witnesses
cf             2007 – “Come Be My Follower”
cl       2002, 2014 – Draw Close to Jehovah
ct             1998 – Is There a Creator Who Cares About You?
dg       1992, 2001 – Does God Really Care About Us?
dp             1999 – Pay Attention to Daniel’s Prophecy!
ed       1995, 2002 – Jehovah’s Witnesses and Education
fg             2012 – Good News From God!
fy             1996 – The Secret of Family Happiness
g                   – Awake!
(References to page 2 often refer to
articles on jw.org)
gf             2000 – You Can Be God’s Friend!
gl             2003 – “See the Good Land”
gm             1989 – The Bible—God’s Word or Man’s?
gt             1991 – The Greatest Man Who Ever Lived
(References use chapter numbers)
gu             1999 – The Guidance of God—Our Way to Paradise
hb             1990 – How Can Blood Save Your Life?
hf             2014 – Your Family Life Can Be Happy
hl             2013 – How Can You Have a Happy Life?
(References use section numbers)
ia             2013 – Imitate Their Faith
ie             1998 – What Happens to Us When We Die?
ip-1           2000 – Isaiah’s Prophecy—Light for All
Mankind I
ip-2           2001 – Isaiah’s Prophecy—Light for All
Mankind II
it-1           1988 – Insight on the Scriptures, Volume 1
it-2           1988 – Insight on the Scriptures, Volume 2
jd             2006 – Live With Jehovah’s Day in Mind
je             1986 – Jehovah’s Witnesses—Unitedly Doing God’s
Will Worldwide
jl       2012, 2014 – Who Are Doing Jehovah’s Will Today?
(References use lesson numbers)
jr             2010 – God’s Word for Us Through Jeremiah
jt             2000 – Jehovah’s Witnesses—Who Are They?
What Do They Believe?
jv             1993 – Jehovah’s Witnesses—Proclaimers of God’s
Kingdom
kl             1995 – Knowledge That Leads to Everlasting
Life
km                  – Our Kingdom Ministry
kp             2004 – Keep on the Watch!
kr             2014 – God’s Kingdom Rules!
la             2001 – A Satisfying Life—How to Attain It
lc             2010 – Was Life Created?
ld             2011 – Listen to God
lf             2010 – The Origin of Life—Five Questions Worth
Asking
ll             2011 – Listen to God and Live Forever
Lmn            1986 – “Look! I Am Making All Things New”
(Brochure)
lr             2003 – Learn From the Great Teacher
lv       2008, 2014 – “Keep Yourselves in God’s Love”
mb             2013 – My Bible Lessons
(References use lesson numbers)
my       1978, 2004 – My Book of Bible Stories
(References use story numbers)
nwt            2013 – New World Translation of the Holy Scriptures
(2013 revision)
od             2005 – Organized to Do Jehovah’s Will
ol             2002 – The Road to Everlasting Life—Have You
Found It?
om       1983, 1989 – Organized to Accomplish Our Ministry
op             1990 – Our Problems—Who Will Help Us Solve
Them?
pc             2009 – Lasting Peace and Happiness—How to Find
Them
pc95           1996 – Lasting Peace and Happiness—How to Find
Them
pe       1982, 1989 – You Can Live Forever in Paradise on Earth
ph             2010 – The Pathway to Peace and Happiness
pr             1993 – What Is the Purpose of Life? How Can You
Find It?
re  1988, 2006 printing – Revelation—Its Grand Climax At Hand!
rk             2010 – Real Faith—Your Key to a Happy Life
rq             1996 – What Does God Require of Us?
rs       1985, 1989 – Reasoning From the Scriptures
sg       1971, 1992 – Theocratic Ministry School Guidebook
sh             1990 – Mankind’s Search for God
si       1963, 1990 – “All Scripture Is Inspired of God and
Beneficial”
sp       1991, 2005 – Spirits of the Dead—Can They Help You or
Harm You? Do They Really Exist?
ti             1989 – Should You Believe in the Trinity?
tp             1986 – True Peace and Security—How Can You Find
It?
vi             1986 – Victory Over Death—Is It Possible for
You?
w                   – The Watchtower
(References to page 2 often refer to
articles on jw.org)
we 1994, 2000, 2005 – When Someone You Love Dies
wi             1992 – Will There Ever Be a World Without War?
wj             1993 – Why Should We Worship God in Love and
Truth?
ws             1986 – Worldwide Security Under the “Prince of
Peace”
wt             2002 – Worship the Only True God
yb                  – Yearbook of Jehovah’s Witnesses
yc             2014 – Teach Your Children
yp             1989 – Questions Young People Ask—Answers That
Work
yp1            2011 – Questions Young People Ask—Answers That
Work, Volume 1
yp2            2008 – Questions Young People Ask—Answers That
Work, Volume 2

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